Legal Basis of Creation: By virtue of Administrative Code of the Department of Mindanao and Sulu in 1897 and later amended by virtue of Executive Order No.7 in 1917
Geographic Location: Situated along the Southeastern Mindanao, and lies in the Eastern coast of Davao Oriental
Topography: Manay is characterized as having an irregular topography . It consists of rugged hills, some mountains and rolling valleys.
Distance: Approximately 67.27 kilometers from Mati and 232.27 kilometers from Davao City
Number of Barangays: 17 Barangays
Number of Sitios/Puroks: 192 Sitios/Purok
Income Classification: 2nd Class Municipality
IRA (2016): P 192,364,693.00
Population (2015 Census as of NSO) And Area per Barangay
|#||Barangay||Population||Land Area (Hectares)|
Number of Households (2010 Census):9,220
Population Density:75 persons per square kilometers/ (0.75 persons per hectare)
Climate Type:Type II (no lengthy dry season but a very pronounce maximum rainfall)
Language Spoken:Davawenyo dialect predominates in the municipality with Visayan as the second most widely spoken dialect
Religion:The Municipality of Manay has a mixture of religion but predominantly Roman Catholic
Ethnic Groups:Manay inhabitants are a mixture of natives (Mandaya) and migrants from other municipalities and provinces
Major Industry/Income:Agriculture (Predominantly Coconut 9,674 has. planted)
Cultivated Agricultural Land:15,528 Has. planted with mix crops
A century ago, Manay was inhabited by ethnic groups called Mansakas and Mandayans.they lived along the river on mountain tops and ruled by a chieftain called "BAGANI". These tribes posed a striking similarity with that of Bagobos.The Mandaya tribes of Manay stood still in strong of their tribal integrity but because of their hospitality and generosity, the Spanish Missionaries were able to gain much success of their endeavor towards leading them to Christianity.
Fr. Peter Scheurs of MSC in all books (Caraga Antiqua 1885 Angry Days in Mindanao,1990) mentioned a massive work of Christianization of Visitas de Caraga by 1873. Worth mentioning were Manay, Manreza, Sta.Maria (Zaragoza), Capasacan, Casauman, Mampanon, Quinonoan, San Estanislao, etc. A certain captain Diuyan as captain-in charge of San Francisco Javier of Manay and Fr. Pastells blessed a beautiful statue of Saint Francis Xavier on December 6,1885 devoted by the superior of the mission in Caraga. More Mandayans were converted to the faith in Manay.
It was one bright morning in the year 1860 when three sisters went to the river to wash their clothes and to take a bath. While they were in the river, they noticed in the galleon vessel filled with Spanish Soldiers entering the mouth of the river, now known as Manay River. Stricken with fear, the two elder sister ran at fast as they could leaving behind the youngest sister who trailed far behind the older sister, shouted: Manay! Manay! (Manay is a word in the Davawenyo dialect used in addressing an older sister with due respect.) This was the first word the Spaniards heard upon disembarking from their vessel and eventually termed it in the referred to the valley of municipality, known as Manay.
The Municipality of Manay was the barrio in the northeastern side of Casauman river which under the jurisdiction of the Municipality of Caraga was the first municipality created in this undivided Province of Davao. The south in the southeast of the river was part of the territory of the Municipality of Mati. The said year, 1897, The barrio of Manay was created into a municipality by virtue of the Administrative Code of the Department of Mindanao and Sulu, out of the barrios of Central, San Isidro, Concepcion, San Fermin, Manreza, and Santa Maria (Zaragoza) of the Municipality of Caraga, and the barrio of Santa Cruz (Holy Cross) San Ignacio of Municipality of Mati. Later in 1917, it was amended by virtue of Executive Order No.7, Governor Causin. Manay then consisted of 8 barrios: In 1964 the sitios of Cayawan, Del Pilar and Rizal metamorphosed into regular barrios: Guza, Capasnan and Taocanga in 1968, Mabini and Old Macopa in 1969, in 1983 Lambog become the latest in addition to the regular barangays to the seventeen (17) barangays that constitute the municipality.
Manay was an old mission, a barrio of the town of Caraga. In 1895, same old residents of Manay: Eusebio Moralizon, Policarpio Mapayo, Camoto Mambulao, Gregorio Moralizon, Bernardo in Maxima Ajos, Juliano Mamparo, Gregorio Malla, Alfonso Duay, Ignacio Moralizon, Juan Salvador among others Petitioned the Spanish Commandant in Mati for the creation of the new municipality. The petition was motivated by the desire of Manay residents for a separate administration from Caraga which was regarded as quite remote from Manay on account of bad roads one had to travel to reach the principal town.In September 12, 1897 same old residents of Manay who made the petition the in 1895 initiated a new petition for not only separate parish but also as a new municipality separated from Caraga. That the same petition fortified on the ground mentioned above evidenced by the fact that it had the sympathy of the Gobernadorcillo of Caraga, Ciniaco dela Vega,and same residents of Caraga who in September 19, 1897 submitted a document recommending the petition starting that Manay had already her own tribunal (administration Building), school , church, in convents etc. So quick was the response that by October 1, 1897 was granted a full autonomy as a municipality to hall, separated from Caraga. Rafael Burgos and Gregorio Alvar witnessed the granting of the petition.
The political history of Manay plays a big factor in conceptualizing the vision for the development of the Municipality of Manay. In 1918, Cenon Palma Gil who was appointed as first Municipal Mayor of Manay and held the post until 1920. With his two (2) years in public office, the people doesnt expect too much in terms of development. In 1921, Tomas Balante was appointed Municipal Mayor until 1922 which he did not stay long in public office and was replaced by appointing Francisco Enriquez Lahora Y Lontoc as Municipal Mayor. The government held its first election in 1923 and declare Francisco Enriquez Lahora Y Lontoc as the first elected Municipal Mayor of Manay and held the post until in 1928 for two (2) terms. In the next election of 1928, Victor Sumakote was elected as the 2nd Municipal Mayor of Manay holding the post from 1928 to 1931. After him, Del Mundo Reginio was elected as the 3rd Municipal Mayor of Manay serving his term from 1932 to 1935. Atanacio C. Moralizon was elected as 4th Municipal Mayor for two (2) terms from 1936 to 1941. Zoilo Apostol Mambulao was elected Vice Mayor of Manay from 1939 to 1941. Salvador Castro was the 5th elected Municipal Mayor of Manay from 1942-1944. Lucio Kiamco Buot was the 6th elected Municipal Mayor from 1948-1952. Emilio M. Mapayo serves his two terms as the 7th elected Municipal Mayor of Manay from 1952-1959.
During this time, previous public officials doesn't concentrate more on development not because they lack capabilities of running the government but the entry and source of income is very low, unstable economic condition, low monetization value.
During election of 1960, Pedro M. Bandigan emerged to be the 8th elected Municipal Mayor of Manay and finally the municipality found to be most wanting by the people because of his principle, brilliant ideas and reforms. He has the longest stay in public office, re-elected and served for five (5) consecutive terms from 1960 until 1975. The only Municipal Mayor nationwide being offered by president Ferdinand Marcos to go to Japan as his price for the Most Outstanding Mayor of the Philippines but instead of accepting the price in going to Japan, Mayor Bandigan requested President Marcos a set of heavy equipments for the development of infrastructure of the municipality in lieu to the offer of the president. Had it not been for his untimely death in April 4, 1975, he should have prolong his public service as necessary. Generoso Sumakote was elected as Vice Mayor in 1956 up to 1959 and re-elected Vice Mayor again from 1969-1972 and from 1972-1975 which he assume into public office as municipal mayor by virtue of law of succession from 1975-1979. Melencio Silveron was then elected Municipal Mayor for two terms from 1980 until 1986. During the breakout of revolutionary government in 1986 due to the deposed President Marcos regime, Emilio T. Dayanghirang; Jr. was appointed Municipal Mayor in 1986 until 1987. Followed by Jorge M. Ricohermoso who was appointed OIC-Municipal Mayor during the transitory form of government in December 1987 up to March 1988. In 1988, the government held national election and Melencio Silveron was elected Municipal Mayor for two terms from 1988-1992. Another election held in 1992, which is supposed to be the third term of Melencio Silveron but lost to Nelson Dayanghirang who first serve his public office as the youngest elected Municipal Mayor of Manay from 1992-2001 for three (30 consecutive terms. At this point in time, many developments have been introduced, such as programs and even reforms to suit the needs of the populace. After his term, another more dedicated and dynamic leader emerged to fight the ever challenging world of politics, his eldest brother Antero L. Dayanghirang, Jr. Was elected Municipal Mayor in 2001 up to 2010 who serve for three (3) consecutive terms. He was noted as the most ideal executive ever to hold public office of Manay with his incomparable generosity, brilliant ideas, service/project oriented and most likely a God fearing person, all these in one lump at the same time to be the God's sent messiah of Manay.
After the term of Hon. Antero L. Dayanghirang, Jr. Which ended on June 30,2010. His eldest son Hon. Jon Marco M. Dayanghirang was sworn into office by virtue of his landslide triumphant victory during election held on May 11, 2010.This new elected mayor is a visionary who wants to put everything in proper perspective, above all, he wants to reach if not surpass the outstanding performance of his father. In his early year as a mayor, adopting new policies in local governance is his priority concern. He wanted to learn more on new system of every department to improve the services being attended to the clients. The Municipality of Manay with its new leadership is now ready to journey and propel to brave bold challenges as a perfect avenue in achieving greater heights of success. Dynamic and oozing potential ability is the main ingredients in degrading the old system to capture the systematic trend of local governance.
Hon. Antero L. Dayanghirang went back after winning the May 2016 Elections and will continue the legacy and developments in the municipality.